College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences , Pookode


DEPARTMENT: Veterinary Microbiology

Faculty & Staff

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Dr. Chintu  Ravishankar Dr. Chintu Ravishankar
Designation: - Professor
Address: - Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Microbiology College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Lakkidi, P.O., Wayanad District-673576 Kerala, India
Mobile No: - 9447716620, 8301816720, 04936256942
Email ID: - chintu@kvasu.ac.in

Educational Qualifications

1. Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) (2000) Kerala Agricultural University
2. Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc. [Microbiology]) (2003) Kerala Agricultural University

3. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D. [Veterinary Virology]) (2013) Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh 

Area of Research

Areas of Research Interest

Molecular diagnosis of viral diseases of livestock with special reference to pigs diseases 

Molecular phylogeny of viral diseases 

Development of rapid virus detection methods

Research Projects

Title : Evaluation of the efficacy of AC/CRP/11 as co-therapy in cases of chronic respiratory disease (CRD) of chicken
Outlay : Rs. 74,400/- (Rupees seventy four thousand four hundred only)
Funding Agency: Ayurvet Limited, Village Katha, PO Baddi, Solan district, Himachal Pradesh – 173 201.
Duration : 6 months (2010)
Title                    : Detection and molecular characterization of emerging viral pathogens of pigs
Outlay                 : Rs. 31.02 lakhs
Funding Agency: Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (KSCSTE), Thiruvananthapuram
Duration              : 3 years (2016 to 2019)
Title                    : Surveillance and molecular epidemiology of especially dangerous respiratory viruses in commercial and backyard poultry and migratory waterfowl in India
Outlay                 : USD 124,690
Funding Agency: Defense Threat Reduction Agency, USA
Duration              : 2017 to 2020



Work Experience

  • Worked as Teaching Assistant/Senior Research Fellow/Research Associate from 21/10/2002 to 13/12/2004 at College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode and Mannuthy
  • Worked as Assistant Professor in the Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode from 14/12/2004. Promoted as Associate Professor on 18.9.2018. 


  • First rank in the B.V.Sc. & A H Degree programme.
  • Certificate of merit from the Association of Food Scientists and Technologists (India) Thrissur chapter
  • Sri. T. V. Kochuvareed Memorial Prize for the year 1999-2000
  • Trivandrum Livestock Improvement Association Endowment for the year 1999-2000
  • Mrs. & Dr. T.T. Varghese Memorial Award of Rotary Club of Thrissur
  • Pfizer Veterinary Award, Scroll of Honour and Medal for the year 2000
  • Dr. N. P. Panicker Endowment award of Kerala Agricultural University for excellence in academics during post graduate studies (2009)
  • Bronze medal for Ph. D. (2013) from Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Deemed University, Izatnagar



  • 21 days training on “Biotechnology and Bioinformatics” at UGC Academic Staff College, University of Calicut, Kerala (28 September, 2006 to 18 October, 2006)
  • 21 days Biotechnology training at Division of Animal Biotechnology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar , Uttar Pradesh (25 July, 2007 to 14 August, 2007)
  • 14 days Hands on training on Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics Tools for Advanced Life Science Research, School of Applied Animal Production and Biotechnology (SAAPBT), Mannuthy (19 October, 2017 to 1 November 2017)
  • Bioinformatics Workshop at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA (13 to 17 May, 2019)


Books / Book chapters 

  • Nandi, S., Chander, V., Mohapatra, T. K. and Ravishankar, C. (2012). In Advances in diagnosis of livestock and Poultry diseases. Eds. Pandey A.B., Sudhakar, S.B., Sankar, M and Gnanavel, V. Division of Virology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar, Uttarakhand, PIN 263138
  • Nandi S. and Ravishankar C. (2013). Diagnosis of canine parvovirus - 2 infection in dogs. In: Veterinary Diagnostics: Current trends. Eds. Gupta, R.P., Garg, S.R., Nehra, V. and Lather, D..Satish Serial Publishing House, New Delhi. 413 – 426 pp. ISBN: 978-93-81226-49-0
  • Nandi, S., Biswas, S. and Ravishankar, C. (2013) Crimean-Congi Haemorrhagic Fever(CCHF): An emerging tick borne zoonosis In: Animal Science Reviews : Volume - 2 Eds. S. K. Saha, Satich Serial Publishing House, New Delhi. ISBN: 9789381226711
  • Nandi S. and Ravishankar C. (2013) Canine parvovirus. In: Trends in diagnosis of animal viral diseases. Eds. Malik Y. S., Pandey, A. B. and Kataria, J. M. Agribiovet Press, New Delhi 182-193 pp ISBN: 978-81-922290-1-0

Research Papers (Selected)

  • Chavan, S. J., Varadan, D., Ravishankar, C., Vazhoor, B., Sebastian, R., Chulliparambil, S., & Prakash, P. (2020). The Effect of Inorganic and Organic Zinc Supplementation on Growth Performance, Mineral Profile and Gene Expression Pattern of GLUT1 in Malabari Kids. Biological Trace Element Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02167-y
  • Bitew, M., Ravishankar, C., Chakravarti, S., Kumar Sharma, G., & Nandi, S. (2019). Comparative Evaluation of T-Cell Immune Response to BTV Infection in Sheep Vaccinated with Pentavalent BTV Vaccine When Compared to Un-Vaccinated Animals. Veterinary Medicine International, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8762780
  • Pradeep, R. K., Nimisha, M., Sruthi, M. K., Vidya, P., Amrutha, B. M., Kurbet, P. S., Kumar, K. G. A., Varghese, A., Deepa, C. K., Dinesh, C. N., Chandrasekhar, L., Juliet, S., Pradeepkumar, P. R., Ravishankar, C., Ghosh, S., & Ravindran, R. (2019). Molecular characterization of South Indian field isolates of bovine Babesia spp. and Anaplasma spp. Parasitology Research, 118(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-6172-4
  • Maan, S., Mor, S. K., Jindal, N., Joshi, V. G., Ravishankar, C., Singh, V. K., Ravindran, R., Sahoo, N., Radzio-Basu, J., Schilling, M. A., McVey, W. R., Mahajan, N. K., Kapur, V., & Goyal, S. M. (2019). Complete genome sequences of Newcastle disease virus isolates from backyard chickens in northern India. Microbiology Resource Announcements, 8(27). https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00467-19
  • Nandhakumar, D., Rajasekhar, R., Logeshwaran, G., Ravishankar, C., Sebastian, S. R., Anoopraj, R., Sumod, K., Mani, B. K., Chaithra, G., Deorao, C. V., & John, K. (2019). Identification and genetic analysis of infectious bursal disease viruses from field outbreaks in Kerala, India. Tropical Animal Health and Production. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02084-w
  • Bitew, M., Nandi, S., Ravishankar, C., & Sharma, A. (2017). Humoral immune response and protective efficacy of binary ethylenimine (BEI) inactivated pentavalent bluetongue vaccine after challenge with homologous virus in sheep. International Journal of Virology, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.3923/ijv.2017.43.52
  • Aishwarya, J., Ravishankar, C., Rajasekhar, R., Sumod, K., Bhaskar, N., Shaji, S., John, K., & Mini, M. (2016). First report of detection and molecular characterization of porcine parvovirus in domestic and wild pigs in Kerala, India. VirusDisease, 27(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-016-0330-z
  • Bhaskar, N., Ravishankar, C., Rajasekhar, R., Sumod, K., Sumithra, T. G., John, K., Mini, M., Ravindran, R., Shaji, S., & Aishwarya, J. (2015). Molecular typing and phylogenetic analysis of classical swine fever virus isolates from Kerala, India. VirusDisease, 26(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-015-0271-y
  • Kumar De, U., Mukherjee, R., Nandi, S., Patel, B. H. M., Dimri, U., Ravishankar, C., & Verma, A. K. (2014). Alterations in oxidant/antioxidant balance, high-mobility group box 1 protein and acute phase response in cross-bred suckling piglets suffering from rotaviral enteritis. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 46(7). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-014-0616-3
  • Arun, S., John, K., Ravishankar, C., Mini, M., Ravindran, R., & Prejit, N. (2014). Seroprevalence of bluetongue among domestic ruminants in Northern Kerala, India. Tropical Biomedicine, 31(1).
  • Ravishankar, C., Nandi, S., Chander, V., & Mohapatra, T. K. (2013). Concurrent testing of breeding bulls for Bovine Herpesvirus 1 infection (BHV-1) in India. Veterinaria Italiana, 49(2). https://doi.org/10.12834/VetIt.2013.492.145.150
  • Nandi, S., Kumar, M., Mohapatra, T. K., & Ravishankar, C. (2013). Emergence of canine parvovirus - 2 variants and its impact on vaccination. World Applied Sciences Journal, 23(10). https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.23.10.1823
  • Ravishankar, C., Nandi, S., Chander, V., & Mohapatra, T. K. (2012). Glycoprotein C gene based molecular subtyping of a bovine herpesvirus -1 isolate from Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Virology, 23(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-012-0116-x
  • Ravishankar, C., George, J., Bipin, R. S., Ravindran, R., Jayesh, V., & John, K. (2012). Nucleic acid based diagnosis of classical swine fever cases in Wayanad district of Kerala. Indian Veterinary Journal, 89(1).
  • Ravishankar, C., Abraham, M., Shambhu, M. G., George, J., Bipin, R. S., & Jayesh, V. (2012). Seroprevalence of mycoplasma gallisepticum antibodies in poultry farms of wayanad. Indian Veterinary Journal, 89(7).
  • Aparna, M., Ravindran, R., Vimalkumar, M. B., Lakshmanan, B., Rameshkumar, P., Kumar, K. G. A., Promod, K., Ajithkumar, S., Ravishankar, C., Devada, K., Subramanian, H., George, A. J., & Ghosh, S. (2011). Molecular characterization of Theileria orientalis causing fatal infection in crossbred adult bovines of South India. Parasitology International, 60(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2011.08.002
  • Ravindran, R., Lakshmanan, B., Ravishankar, C., & Subramanian, H. (2008). Prevalence of linguatula serrata in domestic ruminants in south India. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 39(5).
  • Ravishankar, C., Promod, K., & Anoop, S. (2008). Isolation of actinobacillus - pasteurella group bacteria from a bite wound in a pup. Indian Veterinary Journal, 85(7).
  • Ravishankar, C., Priya, P. M., Pillai, D., Mini, M., Sharmadha, M. K., Rameshkumar, P., & Jayaprakasan, V. (2008). Isolation of Salmonella gallinarum from chicken and quails. Indian Veterinary Journal, 85(7).
  • Ravishankar, C., Priya, P. M., Mini, M., Rameshkumar, P., Senthamil Selvan, P., Jayesh, V., Sunil, K. S., Sharmadha, M. K., Sreekumaran, T., & Jayaprakasan, V. (2007). First confirmed occurrence of classical swine fever in Kerala state, India. Journal of Swine Health and Production, 15(3).
  • Antony, P. X., Nair, G. K., Jayaprakasan, V., Mini, M., Aravindakshan, T. V., & Ravishankar, C. (2007). Plasmid profile and antibiogram of isolates of Pasteurella multocida from ducks in Kerala, India. Research Journal of Microbiology, 2(4).
  • Ravishankar, C., Nair, G. K., Mini, M., & Jayaprakasan, V. (2007). A modified dot ELISA for detection of bluetongue virus antibodies in sheep sera. Indian Veterinary Journal, 84(2).
  • Ravindran, R., Lakshmanan, B., Ravishankar, C., & Subramanian, H. (2007). Visceral schistosomiasis among domestic ruminants slaughtered in Wayanad, South India. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 38(6).
  • Sunilkumar, N. S., Ravishankar, C., Jayaprakasan, V., Mini, M., & Nair, G. K. (2005). Seroprevalence of bluetongue among cattle in Kerala. Indian Veterinary Journal, 82(5).
  • Ravishankar, C., Muthuramalingam, M., Shenoy, S. J., Mini, M., & Jayaprakasam, V. (2005). Isolation of Streptococcus suis from a fatal case of pneumonitis in a boar. Indian Veterinary Journal, 82(8).
  • Sunilkumar, N. S., Ravishankar, C., Jayaprakasan, V., Mini, M., & Nair, G. K. (2005). Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in Kerala. Indian Veterinary Journal, 82(5).
  • Ravishankar, C., Nair, G. K., Mini, M., & Jayaprakasan, V. (2005). Seroprevalence of bluetongue virus antibodies in sheep and goats in Kerala State, India. OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique, 24(3). https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.24.3.1626
  • Ravishankar, C., Antony, P. X., Biju, K. G., Nair, G. K., Mini, M., & Jayaprakasan, V. (2004). Pasteurellosis in a herd of spotted deer (Axis axis). Zoos’ Print Journal, 19(4).

Review Articles

  • Chander, V., Nandi, S., Ravishankar, C., Upmanyu, V., & Verma, R. (2014). Classical swine fever in pigs: Recent developments and future perspectives. Animal Health Research Reviews, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1466252314000024

Popular Articles

  • Chintu Ravishankar and K. Anilkumar (2010) Mriga Rogankalum Prathirodha Margamkalum Published by Kerala Agricultural University
  • Chintu Ravishankar. Humanized monoclonal antibodies. In “Reminiscence” Souvenir of Veterinarians’ Annual Convention 2010. December 26-28, Veterinary College, Mannuthy.
  • Mohapatra, T.K., Mondal, K., Biswas, S., Chakrabarti, S., Chander, V., Ravishankar, C. and Nandi, S. 2012. Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) : an emerging tick borne zoonosis. Livestock Line. 6 : 1: 7-11.
  • Chander V., Prakash C., Nandi, S., Rathore, R., Ravishankar C., Mohapatra, T. K., Gupta, A., Chand, S., Kumar, R. 2012. General principles for collection, transport and dispatch of material suspected for microbial disease in animals. Livestock line September, 2012, p40-47
  • Chander, V., Prakash, C., Nandi, S., Ravishankar, C., Mohapatra, T. K., Gupta, A., Chand, S. and Kumar, R. 2013. Tetanus - An overview. Livestock Line, March 2013, p 23-24.

Other Significant Professional Contributions

  • GenBank Nucleotide Accession numbers: 102


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